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APEC Workshop on Embedding Entrepreneurship in University Curriculum

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Contents


Overview

The APEC Workshop on Embedding Entrepreneurship in University Curriculum was a conference held in Ha Noi, Viet Nam in July 2008 that focused on the growing demand for entrepreneurs and how to facilitate the development of educational programs at universities that promote entrepreneurship. As the global need for entrepreneurs continues to expand educators are developing a large range of innovative ideas for encouraging potential entrepreneurs. Recommendations from the conference report include:

  • The need to involve political decision making in the education system
  • More practical training for students;
  • Setting up businesses on school campuses, in collaboration with university lecturers and student exchange programs, and
  • The introduction of APEC Business Plan Competition.

Conference Resources

The full report document  is available for download at the APEC Publications site.

Session

Presentation

Economy

Summary

1) The Role of Higher Education and Entrepreneurship Training in the Promotion of Successful New Firm Starts, Small Business Management and Current Status in Member Economies

The Role of Higher Education and Entrepreneurship Training from the perspective of APEC member economies

Australia

This presentation discusses the role of entrepreneurs and the Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) they manage as well as the proper way of encouraging entrepreneurship through education. Though constituting a minority in the economy, entrepreneurs contribute significantly to market growth and can be successful in a variety of markets. Diversity of entrepreneurs points to the need for more than a single curriculum but can be less helpful if other important factors are weak or missing.

The Role of Higher Education in Entrepreneurship Training: A UK Perspective

United Kingdom

This presentation focuses on the ever-changing world and how as the facilitator of the youth, education of young entrepreneurs must strive to teach toward the future. Like many other entrepreneurship programs, competitions are presented as an effective way to encourage entrepreneurial development. Different personal factors lead to the creation of an entrepreneur, including confidence in abilities, self-belief, enterprising, pressure, degree of willingness to take risks, and balance of work in life.

2) Challenges Encountered to Embed Entrepreneurship in University Curriculum

From Employee-ship to Self-employment: Challenges to Embedding Entrepreneurship in Vietnamese University Curriculum

Viet Nam

This presentation considers the importance of entrepreneurship education, the challenges in implementation and some suggestions for implementation. It outlines the benefits that entrepreneurship provides and that these kinds of skills can be acquired through a variety of schools and programs. Challenges to the creation of curricula embedded with entrepreneurship include structural, methological, human resources, and contextual issues. Recommendations detail a plan for integrating entrepreneurship into university curriculum such as introductory courses for university lecturers, students, and supporters.

Challenges in Building and Sustaining the RMIT Business Plan Competition- Some Lessons Learned

Australia

Common challenges confront implementation of the RMIT Business Plan Competition. These include obtaining resources, student participation, business involvement, insurance of practical skills for students, and the creation of sustainable businesses. This type of competition offers its participants practical skills that are helpful in the development of a business.

3) Practical Examples of APEC Member Economies

Entrepreneurship Education at Hanoi School of Business

Viet Nam

This presentation discusses the implementation of curriculum encouraging entrepreneurship at the Hanoi School of Business in Vietnam with an emphasis on the idea of East and West meeting in a way that develops modernity and tradition. An important aspect of the HSB is its focus on entrepreneurship as a core subject and as a method of teaching students through a practice-oriented program. Also mentioned are the challenges such as time constraints and impatient students.

Entrepreneurship Education at the University of Tarapacá Arica-Chile

Chile

This presentation discusses the implementation of entrepreneurial education in Chile and the benefits that it has produced nationwide. The proposed program introduces entrepreneurship in the classroom as well as teacher training to promote entrepreneurial spirit. The skills taught at the school encourage students to be responsible, competitive, and innovative so they can become successful professionals and informed citizens.

Entrepreneurship Education in China’s Colleges and Universities

China

Emphasis is placed on the need for a development of entrepreneurial spirit and the ability to do pioneering work through both external and internal courses. The courses intend to bring high-quality, developmental education to the masses. The program introduces the strategy of classroom-based, practice-based, and finally comprehensive entrepreneurship education.


Presentation & Entrepreneurship in Bogor Agricultural University (IPB)

Indonesia

This presentation focuses on the idea of a new business and the factors that must be considered when creating it. Some of the factors included characteristics and features of an entrepreneurship, ways to establish business, evaluating business needs and capitalization sources, determining business location and layout, managing the business, analysis of competition, business ethics, and challenges and alternative solutions.

The growing emphasis on creating entrepreneurial programs in curriculum and non-curriculum activities at Indonesian Universities is examined. History of the school, relevant programs, and activities that have been implemented to encourage entrepreneurial development are described. Challenges such as advancing students’ entrepreneurship skills and maintaining social aspects of education are considered.

Embedding Entrepreneurship Skills in University Curriculum: Malaysia

Malaysia

The University Utara Malaysia has become a distinguished Management University that produces entrepreneurs committed to developing the country and the world. In turn, the University hopes that their entrepreneurs that receive Degrees in Entrepreneurship and Technopreneurship will contribute to the Malaysian work force and economy. The presentation also introduces the Council of Trust for Bumiputra and Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA), which works to facilitate Bumiputra people to actively participate in the market.

4) How to Deliver Entrepreneurship Education in Higher Education Institutions/Real Lessons and Cases

Enhancing Entrepreneurship in Universities: Two Practical programs

Australia

Two of the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University (RMIT) entrepreneurial programs are discussed. To develop students’ entrepreneurial skills, universities must also develop students’ awareness of and attitudes toward entrepreneurship as well as their entrepreneurial skills and networks. The Business Plan Competition and the process used to implement it is a way to encourage students to be entrepreneurial.

Entrepreneurship Education at Singapore Management University

Singapore

This presentation focuses on the Singapore Management University approach to teaching entrepreneurship through classes, the environment of the students, and basic infrastructure elements such as knowledge, information, and resources. It defines the term itself as the process of doing something different or new as well as creating wealth for oneself and adding value to society. In addition, the presentation mentions ideas such as University-wide versus Program Specific approaches and core versus electives.

How to Deliver Entrepreneurship Education in Higher Education (HE)

United Kingdom

This presentation introduces various programs that facilitate students who would like to be entrepreneurs. Some of these programs include SPEED Programme, Flying Start, Start-up Café, Flux, and Entrepreneurship Societies. The presentation discusses the goals of the Global Entrepreneurship Week, which aims to inspire, connect, inform, mentor, and engage young entrepreneurs.

Summary Report

 

 
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)