Labour and Social Protection Network (LSPN)

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The Labour and Social Protection Network (LSPN) is part of the APEC Human Resources Development Working Group (HRDWG).  The objectives of LSPN are as follows:

The purpose of the Labour and Social Protection Network is to foster strong and flexible labour markets and strengthen social protection including social safety nets through evidence-based interventions, collaboration, technical co-operation and the provision of labour market and social protection information and analysis to address sustainable human resource development across APEC member economies.[1]

Specifically LSPN will focus on issues and support activities in the following areas:

  • Fostering economic development to enhance growth and employment creation and alleviate poverty through effective labour market policies, including such measures as enhancing productivity, labour force participation and skills development;[2]
  • Maximizing the opportunities afforded by globalisation through the development of improved workplace conditions and practices through the adoption of new technologies, effective labour-management relations, improved workplace health and safety practices and labour market adjustment measures to assist workers affected by globalisation; and
  • Building capacity to strengthen social protection in APEC member economies through an appropriate combination of active and passive labour market measures, empowering individuals and mitigating dependence through the dissemination and information exchange of effective practices for better social safety net delivery.

Innovative Strategies for Sustainable Human Resource and Economic Development

To meet the demands of the new global economy and promote sustainable growth, APEC economies are developing a variety of innovative human resource development strategies and are incorporating these strategies into broader economic development schemes.

As economies grow, so does the demand for higher levels of education and skills from workers. Taking advantage of technological advancements, APEC economies are incorporating technology in human resource development strategies so that workers receive the necessary training and skills that employers demand. Occupational credentials or certificates ensure workers have the skill levels required by business and industry. APEC economies are continuing to pursue models for developing such standards.

Integrating human resource development activities into economic development strategies promotes long-term growth and prosperity. A key element supporting economic transition into the new global economy and sustainable economic growth is a comprehensive understanding of communal resources, which requires a thorough economic and workforce analysis. Resource mapping techniques can assist communities with identifying important strengths and weaknesses, which, in turn, can be used to support strategies for broader regional economic development.

Other approaches to economic development that APEC economies are exploring include innovative strategies for supporting entrepreneurial development and building collaborative public-private partnerships, both of which promote job creation, economic growth and sustainable economic prosperity.

Labour and Social Protection Projects

Project Description

The Role of TVET Providers in Training for Employees

This forum will discuss the current understanding of TVET providers on arrangements in the private and public sectors on the quantity and content of TVET; division of roles between the national government, public-interest corporations and private sector entities; promotion of skills development behavior among workers; and support measures.

Promoting Good Practice and Policies for Young People’s Work in APEC Economies

This project seeks to identify good practice and policies for young people’s work in APEC economies. The project has two overarching objectives: 1. To describe the current situation of young workers in APEC economies, including how young people are being affected by the global economic crisis. 2. To identify appropriate responses to the current and future labour market challenges affecting young people, with particular reference to employment and working conditions.

APEC has relesed the Report for the Promoting Good Practice and Policies for Young People’s Work in APEC Economies project, which summarizes the findings from the project's three streams: a literature review, survey, and workshop.

Innovations in Human Resource and Economic Development

This on-line discussion resource is provided to promote continuing dialogue around human resource development topics, recognizing that APEC economies are more interconnected than ever before as we seek to address the unrelenting challenges of global change.

Sustainable Career Development Throughout Working Life

This project, Sustainable Career Development Throughout Working Life 
was part of the APEC Forum on Human Resources Development.

Increasingly Vital Role of Enterprises on Human Resource Development

This project, Increasingly Vital Role of Enterprises on Human Resource Development was part of the APEC Forum on Human Resources Development.

Vocational Education and Training (VET) for the Youth

This project, Vocational Education and Training (VET) for the Youth was part of the APEC Forum on Human Resources Development. APEC economies engaged in the 2014 Seminar on Youth Skills Development in order to share information on challenges encountered and successes achieved while implementing youth-targeted programs and strategies. For synopses and official reports from the 2014 Seminar, click here.

Public Private Partnerships: Meeting the Needs of the 21st century Global Workforce 

This symposium attempted to facilitate the exchange of ideas on innovative public-private partnerships between APEC member Economies. This exchange will help address workforce challenges in the 21st Century global economy.

Pension Reform

This information was presented by the National Development Council of Chinese Taipei at the Labour and Social Protection Network Meeting to highlight efforts toward pension system reform. The government anticipates that these reforms will increase the financial sustainability of its pension system and will promote social equality.

Workplace Safety

This information was presented by the Occupational Safety and Health Administraiton (OSHA), an agency within the U.S. Department of Labor, at the Labour and Social Protection Network Meeting. The presentation provided insight on strategies pursued and programs implemented since 1970 in the United States to assure safe and healthful working conditions.

Impact of Performance Based Remuneration Systems on Productivity Performance of Local Industries

This project produced a report that provides an overview of each economy’s economic situation and the importance of SMEs in their economies, and also provides information on the types of performance systems used in each economy. To download the report, click here.

International Migration and Structural Change in APEC Member Economies

Rapid growth of international migration in many APEC economies has been an important dimension of socioeconomic development in the region over the past two decades.  The purpose of this project is to investigate the relationship between international migration and structural changes in APEC economies.

Responding to Change in the Workplace: Innovations in Labour-Management-Government Cooperation

This project focused on raising awareness of successful economy-wide Labour-Management-Government (LMG) practices within the APEC region and the accompanying benefits of such cooperation.

Successful Practices in Human Resources Development in the Workplace: Contributions from Labour, Management and Government

The main objective of this project is to assist all APEC member economies to learn from each other’s experiences and thereby facilitate effective responses
in labour force strategy and policy.

Advancing Inclusive Growth through Social Protection
The purpose of the project is to further APEC’s understanding on how to strengthen the effectiveness and sustainability of social protection measures and systems, especially in developing economies. It aims to identify those programs and practices that are cost efficient without sacrificing effectiveness.
Skills Mapping Across APEC Economies This project developed a regional perspective on critical skill shortages, drawing together data that is available on employment projections, skills supply and shortages in each APEC-member economy.
APEC Natural Disasters Workforce Project The APEC ‘Building Natural Disaster Response Capacity-- Sound Workforce Strategies for Recovery and Reconstruction’ Project (the APEC Natural Disasters Workforce Project) analysed the jobs and training strategies followed by APEC economies in response to recent natural disasters. The project entailed gathering information and sharing knowledge on the design and effect of different approaches taken by government, business and community stakeholders to maintain employment and support recovery in various disaster situations; as well as helping to build the capacity of economies to manage the effects of future events on their workforces and support the reconstruction process.
G20 Employment Agenda

This project reports on efforts by the G20 Task Force on Employment to prevent structural unemployment, create better jobs and boost participation in the labor market. These efforts align with leaders' priorities to generate higher growth and better jobs, and strengthen the foundations for long-term growth. A particular focus is on unemployment and underemployment of young people, and on better matching skills with job opportunities to facilitate mobility and enhance employability.

  1. Addressing the social dimension of globalisation is one of the four APEC-wide ECOTECH priorities endorsed by Leaders and Ministers in a 2003 report available at
  2. The 18th APEC MINISTERIAL MEETING, HA NOI, 2006 asked LSPN to focus on three emerging human resource issues – productivity, skill development and labour force participation.