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Improving mathematics and science education is a key priority of the Education Network, as outlined in the Joint Statement from the 5th AEMM held in Gyeongju, Korea in 2012. The Mathematics and Science Instruction Ministerial Paper can be found here.  Science standards specify the subject matter students should know and be able to do. Science standards are typically organized into three content areas: Earth and Space Sciences: Life Sciences: and Physical Sciences. Standards may also cover desired abilities or skill, such as conceptual understanding, theorizing and analyzing, solving problems, communicating, and using tools, processes and procedures. 

APEC members differ in the degree to which they have centralized science and other standards.  APEC commissioned a comparison report for an Analysis of Mathematics and Science Standards among the APEC member economies.  Most APEC members have a central set of standards approved by the minstry or department responsible for education. However, several APEC members, including Canada, the United States, and Australia, have no national standards: each province or state determines its own.

In November 2009, a conference, The U.S.-China Experts Meeting on Science Education, was held to discuss and exchange educational ideas and information. 


APEC Member Science Standards, as of 2007

Economy

National/ Regional Standards

Organization

Years Included

Upper Seconday Course Standards Coded

Secondary Structure: Integrated v Non-integrated

Australia

Regional. documents are guidelines for states and territories

All Levels: Two year span

Years 2-3
Years 4-5
Years 6-7
Years 8-9


"Integrated in Lower Secondary.
Upper Secondary not available."

Chinese Taipei

National

Primary: Two year span
Lower Secondary: Three year span

Primary:
Years 1-2
Years 3-4
Years 5-6
Lower Secondary: Years 7-9

Biology
Chemistry
Physics
Earth Science

Non-integrated

Japan

National

Primary: One
Lower Secondary: Three year span

Primary:
Years 1-4
Lower Secondary: Years 7-9

Biology
Chemistry
Physics
Earth Science

"Integrated in Lower Secondary
Non-integrated in Upper Secondary"

Korea

National

All Levels: Single Years

Years 1-10

Physics

Non-integrated

Malaysia

National

Primary: three year spans
Secondary: Five year span

Primary:
Years 1-3
Years 4-6
Secondary: Years 7-11

Biology
Chemistry
Physics

Non-integrated

New Zealand

National with significant flexibility at the regional level.

Primary & Lower Secondary: Year spans with concentration at alternating years

Pre-kindergarten-Year 4 (Year 1 Focus)
Kindergarten-Year 6 (Year 3 Focus)
Year 2- 8 (Year 5 Focus)
Year 3- 10 (Year 7 Focus)
Years 6-12(Year 9 Focus)
Year 7-12(Year 10 Focus)
Year 8- Post-Secondary (Year 11 Focus)
Year 9- Post-Secondary(Year 12 Focus)"


"Integrated in most years of Secondary
Non-integrated in Year 12"

Singapore

National

Primary: One Years
Secondary: Four year span

Primary: Years 3-6
Secondary: Years 7-10


Integrated

United States

Regional

Three or four year spans
Lower Secondary: Three year span

Primary:
Pre-kindergarten-Year 2
Years 3-5
Lower Secondary: Years 6-8

Biology
Chemistry
Physics
Earth Science

Non-integrated

United States (NAEP)

Cumulative national assessment framework.

All Levels: Four year span
Years 1-4
Years 5-8
Years 9-12

N/A


See Also

Portal:_Science_Education

Science Curriculum and Instruction

Science Education and Technology

U.S-China Experts Meeting on Science Education

 
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)